East India Company


East India Company
   The Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC, United East India Company) was founded in 1602 to coordi nate the commercial activities of Dutch merchants in the East Indies (Asia). Its charter, granted by the States General of the Republic, provided the VOC with a monopoly in the regions east of the Cape of Good Hope and west of the Strait of Magellan. Its board was di vided into six chambers, of which Amsterdam, where shareholders had invested half of the capital, was the most important. The “17 Gentlemen” (Heren XVII) acted as directors. The VOC was granted a degree of autonomy that included the power to declare war, to enter into treaties, and to maintain a fleet and an army. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the VOC created a colonial empire with strong holds especially in the Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia), India, Australia, New Zealand, and the Cape Colony. The company was liquidated in 1798.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • East India Company — East India Companies    English, French, and Dutch chartered trading companies, in each case dating to the seventeenth century. In the case of the Netherlands, the Vereenigde Oostindische Compaagnie (VOC) was chartered in 1602 to govern and… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • East India Company — East In|di|a Com|pa|ny one of several European companies that developed trade with India and east Asia in the 17th and 18th centuries. The British East India Company (1600 1858) was the most important of these, and was responsible for bringing… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • East India Company — n. any of several European companies for carrying on trade with the East Indies; esp., such an English company chartered in 1600 and dissolved in 1874 …   English World dictionary

  • East India Company —   [ iːst ɪndjə kʌmpənɪ], englische Handelskompanie, Ostindische Kompanie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • East India Company — This article is about the 17th 19th century English trading company . For other uses, see East India Company (disambiguation). East India Company Company flag after 1801 Former type Public …   Wikipedia

  • East-India-Company — Die Flagge der englischen Ostindien Kompanie 1600 1707 Flagge 1707 1801 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • East India Company — Die Flagge der englischen Ostindien Kompanie 1600 1707 Flagge 1707 1801 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • East India Company — 1. the company chartered by the English government in 1600 to carry on trade in the East Indies: dissolved in 1874. 2. any similar company, as one chartered by the Dutch (1602 1798), the French (1664 1769), or the Danes (1729 1801). * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • East India Company — Compagnie anglaise des Indes orientales  Pour l’article homonyme, voir East India Company (jeu vidéo).  Le premier drapeau de la Compagnie avec au coi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • East India Company — Originally established for prosecuting the trade between England and India, which they acquired a right to carry on exclusively. The company s political affairs became of more importance than their commerce. In 1858, by 21 & 22 Viet., c. 106, the …   Black's law dictionary